Before we learn more about .Net Core, it is important to see what is at the core of the .Net Core. In more accurate terms, a forked-out version of the .Net Framework. Now you may be wondering what the need was to come up with .Net Core when it is just a subset of the .Net Framework.
A Visual Studio Code is a free standalone source code editor that runs on Windows, Linux, and Mac. With a large number of extensions available, it can support just about any programming language. A Visual Studio is a great tool for developing and debugging .NET applications. It is a fully-featured Integrated Development Environment(IDE) and is available for Windows and Mac. One of the great new features of ASP.NET Core is built in dependency injection. It is the preferred way that things like logging contexts, database contexts, and other things are passed into your MVC controllers.
Unified Blazor Web App Project Template
NuGet packages that are part of a distribution doesn’t require an
Internet connection. The .NET Core platform is a new .NET stack that is optimized for open
source development and agile delivery on NuGet. We’re working with the
Mono community to make it great on Windows, Linux and Mac, and
Key Terminologies in the Architecture of .NET Core
Microsoft will support it on all three platforms. We think of .NET Core as not being specific to either .NET Native nor
ASP.NET 5 – the BCL and the runtimes are general purpose and designed
to be modular.
For Visual Studio 2015 our goal is to make sure that .NET Core is a
pure subset of the .NET Framework. After Visual Studio 2015 is released our expectation
is that .NET Core will version faster than the .NET Framework. This
means that there will be points in time where a feature will only be
available on the .NET Core based platforms. Also, you need to use different .NET APIs for different Windows devices such as Windows Desktop, Windows Store, Windows Phone, and Web applications.
Microservices make it easier to develop, test, and deploy isolated parts of your application. Once deployed, each microservice can be independently scaled as needed. Because it’s open-source, .NET can also take advantage of numerous libraries, languages, and editors. For instance, if we want to build modern, fast, and scalable cloud applications, .NET provides a rich set of Azure SDKs and APIs. If we are looking to build web apps, ASP.NET Core and Blazor are excellent choices. On the other hand, .NET MAUI is a great platform for building both desktop and mobile apps.
Todos these platforms will implement .NET Standards – a common set of APIs that replace portable class libraries (PCLs). This ensures code sharing across desktop applications, mobile apps, mobile games and cloud services. Today, it’s common to have an application that runs across devices; a backend on the web server, admin front-end on windows desktop, web, and mobile apps for consumers. So, there is a need for a single framework that works everywhere. At the core of .NET lies the infrastructure that consists of the runtime components, compilers, and languages.
With ASP.NET Core, you can also use the standard Kestrel web server. One of the great advantages of .NET Core is that your web application is essentially a console application. This means that you can also deploy your app only with kestrel for non-server based use cases, like Prefix.
So in order to provide a non-Microsoft version of .NET, which could run on non-Windows machines, an alternative had to be developed. Not only the runtime has to be ported for that, but also the entire Framework Class Library to become well-adopted. On top of that, to be fully independent from Microsoft, a compiler for the most commonly used languages will be required. It includes a small runtime that is built from the same codebase as the .NET Framework CLR. The .NET Core runtime includes the same GC and JIT (RyuJIT), but doesn’t include features like Application Domains or Code Access Security.
The “difficult” and “expensive” parts of the CLR and the base class libraries are omitted. With any development platform or framework, the basic and the most important thing is its architecture. The architecture defines the way developers and libraries will interact with the platform.
In addition to this, the .NET Framework is a machine-wide framework. Any changes made to it affect all applications taking a dependency on it. The first version, .NET Core 1.0, was released in 2016 with limited functionality. Two key frameworks released in this release were ASP.NET Core 2.0 and Entity Framework Core 2.0. The next stable versions, .NET Core 2.1 and 2.2, were released in May and Dec 2018.
- Unstable releases and limited documentation– Many times, new .NET versions were unstable during the initial phases.
- Because it’s open-source, .NET can also take advantage of numerous libraries, languages, and editors.
- For Visual Studio 2015 our goal is to make sure that .NET Core is a
pure subset of the .NET Framework.
- The same host is also used to launch SDK tools in much the same way.
- This helps you create applications with only the libraries you need and no extra baggage.
So, targeting the .NET Standard library is the best way to build a cross-platform class library. Generally, it is used to build Windows desktop and large-scale enterprise applications using .NET workflow and data connection tools. According to a report published by TechEmpowers, .NET Core is much faster than any other framework. Thousands of active developers participating in .NET Core development are improving features, adding new features, and fixing bugs and issues. Key characteristics of .NET Core include open source, cross-platform, modern, flexible, lightweight, fast, friendly, shareable, and built for future software development. One of the key benefits of .NET Core is that it is modular, which means you can use only the components you need for your application, making it more lightweight and faster.
Productive – .NET is a highly productive platform and we can use it to create high-quality applications very quickly. Modern programming language features like asynchronous programming, generics, https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ Language Integrated Query(LINQ), etc. makes developers more productive. In a nutshell, .NET consists of the runtime environment, compilers, languages, and base class libraries.
However, it is optimized for building desktop applications and runs only on Windows. As of the date of writing this article, the latest version is .NET Framework 4.8.1. We can develop different types of applications like cloud, web, desktop, etc. using it. As of the date of writing this article, the latest version is .NET 6 but .NET 7 is in preview mode. Microsoft promises that Xamarin is the best way to create a user interface (UI) and optimize performance in apps on multiple platforms. This is important today when apps need to run on at least iOS and Android devices.
Let us look at the features of .Net Core that make life easy for developers. UWP uses XAML for the presentation layer (UI) and C# as the backend programming. In addition, the .NET Core can be deployed in Docker containers. An independent non-profit organization manages .NET Core called the .NET Foundation. More than 60,000 developers and 3,700 companies are contributing to the .NET ecosystem.
The various .Net Frameworks and libraries, till date, use the common runtime libraries, compilers, and NuGet Packages. They build their own platform-specific libraries on top of these common packages. The Common libraries contain the definitions for primitive stuff such as data types. This hardly changes and is thus the base for all .Net stack frameworks. The same assemblies and libraries can be imported and used on multiple platforms. The assemblies and libraries are built using one of the .NET languages, C#, VB.NET, or F#.